Russia European. How do social sciences explore values?

Under the “European Russia” project “European Dialogue” hosts a number of talks about values and how they are perceived by the Russian and the European nations. We asked Maxim Rudnev, leading researcher from Public Mentality Research Lab of National Research University of Higher School of Economics about how social sciences studied values, what kind of patterns linking values to behaviour had been uncovered recently, and did such phenomenon as “European values” exist at all?