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Unsettled union: The future of the Belarus-Russia relationship

For more than a year, Belarus-Russia relations have regularly made headlines. In late 2018, Russia suggested that Belarus would have to accept deeper bilateral integration if it wanted to benefit from greater economic cooperation. The sides engaged in intense talks throughout 2019, hoping to reach an agreement by December. However, they not only failed to sign any significant new deals,…

The Reykjavik Index for Leadership

The Reykjavik Index research finds that Canada and France score the highest for this sector, with Reykjavik Indices of 81. Canada has had only one female Prime Minister in its history, Kim Campbell, who held the role for 132 days 1993. Germany, by contrast, has the lowest Reykjavik Index amongst the G7 for this sector (73), even though its Chancellor,…

Did Emmanuel Macron Hand the Balkans to Russia?

French President Emmanuel Macron is being widely pilloried for his recent snub of the Balkans by vetoing the start of European Union (EU) accession talks for Albania and North Macedonia. Many observers are warning that Russia will reap the benefits, as the countries of the Western Balkans feel shut out by the West after having completed a substantial part of…

A peace settlement in the Donbas: big talk and small commitments

The recent signing of the Steinmeier Formula, which outlines the implementation of the Minsk Agreements of 2015, left neither signatories nor observers indifferent. In Ukraine, the move has provoked a wave of discontent. In pro-European circles, it spawned some cautious optimism. The Russian authorities, who had promoted this formula and achieved, so it would seem, success, have also not rushed to celebrate victory. On…