Кирилл Рогов, программный директор спецпроекта «30 лет постсоветской Европы», написал саммари по итогам международной конференции «1989: Драма ожиданий: Демонтаж коммунизма и посткоммунистическое тридцатилетие». В конференции приняли участие ученые и политические деятели из Латвии, Литвы, Белоруссии, Украины, России, Польши, Венгрии, Германии, Швеции и Великобритании, что позволило представить и обсудить по-настоящему диверсифицированную картину масштабных социальных и политических процессов, охвативших восток Европы и север Евразии. Русскую версию доклада уже можно прочесть на сайте, а теперь мы публикуем саммари и на английском языке для наших западных коллег и двуязычных читателей
On 31 May – 1 June 2019, Jurmala hosted an international conference called 1989: The Drama of Expectations: The Dismantling of Communism and 30 Years of the Post-Communist Era. It was the first large-scale event of the “30 Years of Post-Soviet Europe” project. Kirill Rogov, the project programme director, summarized the presentations of our speakers. The conference was attended by scholars, analysts, public and political figures from Latvia, Lithuania, Belarus, Ukraine, Russia, Poland, Hungary, Germany, Sweden and the UK
On 31 May –1June2019, Jurmala hosted an international conference called 1989: The Drama of Expectations: The Dismantling of Communism and 30 Years of the Post-Communist Era. It was the first large-scale event of the “30 Years of Post-Soviet Europe” project dedicated to the thirtieth anniversary of one of the 20thcentury’s greatest events, the collapse of the Communist system and subsequent extensiveeconomic, politicalandsocial changes in Central and Eastern Europe and the former USSR.
The project has been spearheaded by the European Dialogue Expert Group, which is playing the leading role in its implementation, and it is supported by the Gorbachev Foundation, Friedrich Ebert and Heinrich Boell Stiftungs and the Delegation of the European Union to Russia.
The project’s objective is to rethink the experience and lessons of the post-Communist transition as seen through the eyes of today’s social sciences and to attempt to understand today’s Greater Europe and Eurasia in all the diversity of its social and political experience as largely being an outcome of this transition. We believe that such an understanding will promote a deeper and fuller perception of the challenges and crises facing Greater Europe and its individual countries today so will allow an appropriate response to them to be found.
The first stage of the project is dedicated to the year 1989 and those transition problems that became particularly visible at that stage. In both Central Europe and the former USSR, the year 1989 was the culmination of hopes for a peaceful and successful transition from the Communist dictatorship to a liberal political and economic order. Strictly speaking, this year largely shaped those expectations. Within the few months between June (Solidarity wins the elections in Poland) and December 1989, the “Communist camp” in Central Europe ceased to exist. In the USSR, 1989 saw the first contested elections since 1917. Held in April–May, these elections triggered a “political awakening” process and a political reform that moved the pillars of political power from party bodies to representative bodies. Communism seemed to be folding like a house of cards.
How do these events and their concomitant euphoria look 30 years on? What was the outcome of the stupendous ease with which Communist regimes dissipated? Do subsequent transition trajectories depend on the nature and specifics of this early stage of dismantling Communism? What can we say about the future of Greater Europe based on the thirty-year transition experience?
The conference was attended by scholars, analysts, public and political figures from Latvia, Lithuania, Belarus, Ukraine, Russia, Poland, Hungary, Germany, Sweden and the UK, which made it possible to present and discuss a diverse picture of the large-scale social and political processes that have been running in the east of Europe and the north of Eurasia for the last 30 years.
The analytical report can be downloaded or read on our website:yurmala-review-eng