The Reykjavik Index for Leadership

Индекс лидерства Рейкьявика 2019 года позволяет понять, в каких странах и областях существуют гендерные стереотипы. Индекс охватывает страны G7, Бразилию, Россию, Индию и Китай. Хотя ни в одной из этих стран женщины и мужчины не представлены равно в национальных парламентах, Россия находится на последнем месте по гендерному равенству в политике

The Reykjavik Index research finds that Canada and France score the highest for this sector, with Reykjavik Indices of 81.

Canada has had only one female Prime Minister in its history, Kim Campbell, who held the role for 132 days 1993. Germany, by contrast, has the lowest Reykjavik Index amongst the G7 for this sector (73), even though its Chancellor, Angela Merkel, has led Germany since 2005.

India, which has had a female Prime Minister (Indira Gandhi with two terms of office 1966-1977 and 1980-1984)) and a female President (Pratibha Patil – 2007-2012), has an Index score of 74 for this sector. Currently, 14% of members of the Indian Parliament are women. Brazil scores similarly, with an Index of 72.

Brazil has seen a woman in its highest political office, with Dilma Rousseff serving as President from 2011 to 2016. In the current cabinet, there are two women – Tereza Cristina, Agriculture Minister, and Damares Alves, Minister of Human Rights, Family and Women.

Russia scores the lowest of all the countries with an Index score for this sector of 58 – 13.6% of representatives in the State Duma are women.

There is prejudice against women holding leadership positions in government and politics, evident from these scores of less than 100. Further, no country research in this report demonstrates equal representation in their national parliaments. Indeed, the World Economic Forum estimates that the global average women holding nearly one in four seats in Parliaments.

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