Прошедший климатический саммит был богат на заявления лидеров стран о необходимости не допустить экологическую катастрофу и готовности к мировому сотрудничеству по этому вопросу. Президент США Джо Байден был воодушевлён словами Путина о том, что нужно прекратить выбросы углекислого газа, а президент Бразилии Болсонару и наследник престола Саудовской Аравии Салман рассказали о своих планах по недопущению климатических изменений. Однако у этих заявлений остаётся обратная сторона медали: Путин и Салман ни словом не обмолвились о сокращении добычи и экспорта углеводородов, а Болсонару продолжает ослаблять экологические ограничения в отношении Амазонии. Каковы реальные результаты проведённого саммита и какой будет климатическая повестка в ближайшем будущем — в статье The Guardian
The US will work with Russia on ways to combat the climate crisis, President Joe Biden has announced, saying he looked forward to joint efforts and was “very heartened” by the country’s call for collaboration on new technologies such as carbon removal.
But though Russia’s president Vladimir Putin insisted he was “genuinely interested in galvanising international cooperation so as to look further for effective solutions to climate change as well as to all other vital challenges”, he made no mention of reducing oil and gas supply or consumption.
Putin also failed to provide any assurance that Russia would submit a new national plan on cutting carbon, a requirement this year under the 2015 Paris climate agreement.
Russia’s greenhouse gas emissions have risen strongly in recent years, and its status as one of the world’s biggest fossil fuel suppliers has been bolstered by a deal to supply gas to Germany, and could be strengthened still further if Putin’s attempts to drill under and find shipping lines through the shrinking Arctic ice cap are successful.
Paul Bledsoe, a former US government climate official and now a consultant in Washington, said: “Russia is a climate criminal. Its emissions are out of control, growing faster than any other major emitters in the last few years, and Putin seems to want to make Russia’s oil and gas his personal fiefdom. Russia is a complete outlier in climate terms.”
Putin’s presence at the White House virtual climate summit, which took place on Thursday and Friday, was because “he fancies himself as a global leader, but he stuck out like a sore thumb”, said Bledsoe.
Russia was not the only country regarded as a climate villain to attend the summit. King Salman of Saudi Arabia told other world leaders: “Enhancing the level of international cooperation is the optimal solution to meeting the challenges of climate change.”
But though the world’s largest oil producer has committed to meeting half of its own energy needs through solar power and other renewable sources by 2030, and crown prince Mohammed bin Salman received praise for his plans to plant 50bn trees, King Salman made no mention of reducing oil exports.
Saudi Arabia has a history of obstructing agreement at successive UN climate conferences in the past three decades. As the world prepares for vital UN climate talks, called Cop26, later this year, diplomats are hoping that the pressure from the rest of the world can overcome any such attempts this time.
Фото к публикации — студия Саммита в Вашингтоне. Источник